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BIO - Biology

BIO 100 Exploring Biology (3)

No credit for biological science majors and minors. An exploration of biological principles of concern to the educated layperson. Topics include ecology, evolution, the cell, organs and systems, inheritance and disease. (LAC, gtP)

BIO 101 Biological Perspectives (4)

(3 lecture, 3 laboratory) Non-majors only. Biological concepts within a human context covering cell biology, physiology, genetics, evolution, ecology and interactions of humankind and the environment. No credit for biology majors or minors. (LAC, gtP)

BIO 102 Success in Biology (1)

An introduction to life at UNC, the biology major, and biology careers for incoming freshman. S/U graded.

BIO 103 Success in Biology II (1)

A continued introduction to biology, the practice of science, the philosophy of science, and strategies for success. S/U graded.

BIO 110 Principles of Biology (4)

(3 lecture, 3 laboratory) Biological principles from cells to communities, especially structure and function. Study of genetics, metabolism, development and homeostasis. Not recommended for non-science majors. (LAC, gtP)

BIO 111 Survey of Organismal Biology (4)

(3 lecture, 3 laboratory) Survey of all living organisms focusing on diversity, life cycles and classification, structure and function, ecology and evolutionary relationships. Not recommended for non-science majors.

BIO 112 Principles of Biology Applications (1)

(1 lecture) Co-requisite: BIO 110. Explore current applications and methods of biological principles, while developing critical thinking and problem solving skills within biology.

BIO 114 Organismal Biology Applications (1)

Co-requisites: BIO 111. Use current issues in biodiversity to explore real-world applications of organismal biology.

BIO 210 Cell Biology (3)

(3 lecture) Prerequisites: BIO 110 and CHEM 111. Pre/Co-requisite: CHEM 281 or CHEM 331. Study cellular basis of life, with emphasis on biological macromolecules, cell organelles, cell membranes, cellular respiration and photosynthesis, and evolution of cells.

BIO 211 Cell Biology Applications (1)

Prerequisite: BIO 110. Co-requisite: BIO 210. Strengthen critical thinking and problem solving skills while exploring real-world applications of cell biology and the technology of discovery.

BIO 220 Genetics (4)

(3 lecture, 3 laboratory) Prerequisites: BIO 110 and BIO 210. Study fundamental laws of heredity, the molecular structure and function of genes, and emerging genetic technologies.

BIO 221 Genetics Applications (1)

(1 lecture) Co-requisite: BIO 220. Explore current applications and methods of Genetics, while developing critical thinking and problem solving skills in the field.

BIO 245 Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology (4)

(3 lecture, 3 laboratory) Stress regulatory mechanisms that maintain normal body function and broad general biological principles as they apply to structure and function.

BIO 246 Advanced Human Anatomy and Physiology (3)

(2 lecture, 3 laboratory) Prerequisite: BIO 245. Study of regulation of cellular and systemic physiology, including membrane transport, cell cycle, autonomic nervous system, cardiovascular system, renal function and metabolism as they relate to homeostasis. Inquiry based laboratory.

BIO 265 Life Science Concepts (3)

(2 lecture, 2 laboratory) An investigation of basic biological concepts in biological science through lecture, discussion and laboratory investigation. Ideal for students seeking elementary certification. (LAC, gtP)

BIO 330 Plant Taxonomy (4)

(2 lecture, 6 laboratory) Prerequisite: BIO 111. History of plant taxonomy, phylogenetic systematics, family recognition, and identification of local flora using keys. Native plant collection and field trips required.

BIO 331 General Entomology (4)

(3 lecture, 3 laboratory) Prerequisite: BIO 111. Study of the biology of the principal orders of insects by collecting and classifying specimens. Agents and vectors of disease are stressed. Insect collection is required.

BIO 333 General Parasitology (4)

(3 lecture, 3 laboratory) Prerequisites: BIO 101 or BIO 111. Study of the symbiotic relationships of parasitism as exemplified by typical parasites of humans, domesticated and wild animals, stressing life cycles, pathogenesis, systematics and host-parasite relationships.

BIO 334 Mammalogy (4)

(3 lecture, 3 laboratory) Prerequisite: BIO 111. Study of the functional biology, ecology and behavior of mammals. Laboratory stresses the identification and ecology of Colorado species. Field work required.

BIO 335 Survey of Fishes, Amphibians and Reptiles (4)

(3 lecture, 3 laboratory) Prerequisite: BIO 111. Investigation of the biology of the cold-blooded vertebrates including their evolution, ecology and behavior. Laboratory stresses the identification and biology of Colorado species.

BIO 336 Ornithology (3)

(2 lecture, 3 laboratory) Prerequisite: BIO 111. Study of the general biology and behaviors of birds. Laboratory emphasis will be on field identification of birds. Field trip required.

BIO 337 Morphogenesis of Algae and Fungi (4)

(3 lecture, 3 laboratory) Prerequisite: BIO 111. Study of structure, morphogenesis and phylogenetic relationships of organisms grouped with algae, fungi. Comparative study to explore multiple kingdom concepts. Ecological, medical and economic aspects of mycology and phycology explored.

BIO 341 Human Anatomy (3)

(2 lecture 3 laboratory) Prerequisite: BIO 110. Study of the organ systems of the human body, their structure and integration. Laboratory includes examination of mammalian organs.

BIO 345 Comparative Vertebrate Morphogenesis (4)

(3 lecture 3 laboratory) Prerequisites:BIO 110 and BIO 111. Study of comparative developmental processes of vertebrates as they relate to the structure of the adult organ systems. Developmental anatomy and adult morphology of sharks through mammals are studied and dissected.

BIO 350 Human Physiology (4)

(3 lecture, 3 laboratory) Prerequisites: BIO 110 and BIO 341 or BIO 345; and CHEM 281 or CHEM 331. Examine in detail the function of the organ systems of the human body, especially of those involved with the maintenance of normal function.

BIO 351 Microbiology (4)

(3 lecture, 3 laboratory) Prerequisites: BIO 110 and CHEM 281 or CHEM 331. Examine microorganisms and their interactions with living and non-living components of the biosphere. Study the structural and metabolic diversity within Eubacteria and Archaea, some fungi and viruses.

BIO 354 General Plant Physiology (4)

(3 lecture, 3 laboratory) Prerequisites: BIO 111, and CHEM 281 or CHEM 331. Study of physiological factors influencing the chemical and structural composition of plant absorption and utilization of water and minerals; photosynthesis, translocation, respiration, nitrogen metabolism; and growth and development.

BIO 355 Medical Pharmacology (2)

(2 lecture) Prerequisite: BIO 246 or BIO 350. A detailed study of the principles underlying absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion and interaction of drugs in humans.

BIO 360 Ecology (4)

(3 lecture, 3 laboratory) Prerequisite: BIO 111. Identify/describe plant and animal communities. Study of ecosystem structure and energy flow. Examine topics such as biogeochemical cycles, soils, population structure, species' interactions and succession. Field trip may be required.

BIO 362 Principles of Animal Behavior (3)

(2 lecture, 3 laboratory) Prerequisite: BIO 111. Study of behaviors of animals with emphasis on non-human forms. The ethology and ecological significance of behaviors will be stressed. Field work is required.

BIO 380 Aquatic Biology (4)

(3 lecture, 3 laboratory) Prerequisites: BIO 110 and BIO 111. This course examines aquatic communities, determines species present, nature of the physical and chemical aquatic environment, species and population distribution, productivity and eutrophication.

BIO 381 Principles of Immunology (3)

(3 lecture) Prerequisite: BIO 110 and CHEM 331. Pre or Co-requisite: BIO 350 or consent of instructor. An introduction to the components and basic mechanisms of the immune system.

BIO 408 Workshop (1-3)

A variety of workshops on special topics within the discipline. Goals and objectives will emphasize the acquisition of general knowledge and skills in the discipline. Repeatable, under different subtitles, maximum of six credits. S/U graded.

BIO 422 Directed Studies (1-3)

Individualized investigation under the direct supervision of a faculty member. (Minimum of 37.5 clock hours required per credit hour.) Repeatable, maximum of six credits per semester.

BIO 425 Molecular Genetics (3)

(2 lecture, 3 laboratory) Prerequisites: BIO 220 and CHEM 481. Examination of protein synthesis, DNA replication, gene structure, and regulation of gene expression with particular emphasis on molecular techniques.

BIO 440 Anatomy and Morphogenesis of Plants (4)

(3 lecture, 3 laboratory) Prerequisites: BIO 111 and BIO 330. Study of the evolution of vascular plants as revealed by anatomy and morphology.

BIO 450 Cell Physiology (4)

(3 lecture, 3 laboratory) Prerequisites: BIO 220 and CHEM 331; recommend CHEM 481. Study of the structural and functional relationships among biological macromolecules, cell organelles, and cell processes.

BIO 465 Evolution (3)

Prerequisite: BIO 220. History of evolutionary thought, evolution as a population genetics process, and reconstruction of evolutionary history using phylogenetic methodology.

BIO 466 Animal Physiological Ecology (3)

(3 lecture) Prerequisites: BIO 110 and BIO 360. Study of animal function and how environmental conditions influence the physiology of animals. Emphasis will be on vertebrate systems but invertebrates will be included.

BIO 467 Animal Physiological Ecology Laboratory (1)

(3 laboratory) Prerequisites: BIO 110 and BIO 360, BIO 466 concurrently. Laboratory to accompany BIO 466 - animal physiological ecology. Includes instruction on the theory behind and use of physiological equipment/instruments and an examination of how environmental conditions affect animal function.

BIO 476 Pharmacology (3)

Prerequisites: BIO 246 or BIO 350. A mechanistic study of pharmacokinetics (absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion of drugs) and pharmacodynamics (drug actions and interactions). Examples of important bioactive chemicals will be discussed.

BIO 492 Internship in Biological Sciences (1-3)

Consent of instructor required. On-the-job experience in professional areas under the supervision of an area specialist. S/U graded. Repeatable, maximum of nine credits.

BIO 494 Practicum in College Biological Science Instruction (1-2)

Prerequisites: BIO 110 and BIO 111. Consent of instructor required. Gain experience assisting in teaching an introductory biological science laboratory. Repeatable, may be taken 3 times.

BIO 495 Special Topics in Biology (1-3)

Prerequisites: BIO 110 and BIO 111. Advanced study for qualified undergraduates in an area of the biological sciences. Repeatable, under different subtitles, maximum of six credits.

BIO 501 Current Issues in Biology (1-6)

Course varies in content, reviewing current issues of biology. S/U graded. Repeatable, under different subtitles, maximum of six credits.

BIO 508 Workshop (1-3)

A variety of workshops on special topics within the discipline. Goals and objectives will emphasize the acquisition of general knowledge and skills in the discipline. Repeatable, under different subtitles.

BIO 509 Advanced Placement Biology (2)

Consent of instructor. Topics in biological sciences and pedagogy related to establishment and maintenance of a biology advanced placement program.
S/U graded. Repeatable, no limitations.

BIO 512 TA Development Seminar (1)

Explores instructional strategies related to effective teaching of undergraduate laboratory learning environments. Intended to help develop teaching skills of graduate teaching assistants in the Biology program. S/U graded.

BIO 513 Professional Renewal (1-3)

Update skills and knowledge of professionals in the discipline. Goals and objectives will be specifically directed at individual professional enhancement rather than the acquisition of general discipline knowledge or methodologies. S/U or letter graded. Repeatable, under different subtitles.

BIO 521 Advanced Genetics (3)

Prerequisites: BIO 220 and CHEM 331; recommend CHEM 481. Survey experimental advances in gene regulation of growth, maintenance and protection of all organisms including the human species with special emphasis on recent developments in the field.

BIO 524 Genomics (3)

(3 lecture) Fundamental concepts of genomics. Introduction to the tools and techniques in the field of genomics, including genetic transformation, DNA sequencing, cDNA library synthesis, microarray, bioinformatics and sequencing of model organisms.

BIO 525 Molecular Genetics (3)

(2 lecture, 3 laboratory) Prerequisites: BIO 220 and CHEM 481. Examination of protein synthesis, DNA replication, gene structure, and regulation of gene expression with particular emphasis on molecular techniques.

BIO 527 Bioinformatics (3)

(3 lecture) Prerequisite: BIO 111, BIO 220. An Introduction to the information technology of genomics and proteomics and their application to biological fields as diverse as evolution and medicine.

BIO 530 Plant Taxonomy (4)

(2 lecture, 6 laboratory) Prerequisite: BIO 111. History of plant taxonomy, phylogenetic systematics, family recognition, and identification of local flora using keys. Native plant collection and field trips required.

BIO 533 General Parasitology (4)

(3 lecture, 3 laboratory) Prerequisite: BIO 101 or BIO 111. Study of the symbiotic relationships of parasitism as exemplified by typical parasites of humans, domesticated and wild animals, stressing life cycles, pathogenesis, systematics and host-parasite relationships.

BIO 534 Mammalogy (4)

(3 lecture, 3 laboratory) Prerequisite: BIO 111. Study of the functional biology, ecology and behaviors of mammals. Laboratory stresses the identification and ecology of Colorado species. Field work required.

BIO 535 Survey of Fishes, Amphibians and Reptiles (4)

(3 lecture, 3 laboratory) Prerequisite: BIO 111. Investigation of the biology of the cold-blooded vertebrates including their evolution, ecology and behavior. Laboratory stresses the identification and biology of Colorado species.

BIO 537 Morphogenesis of Algae and Fungi (4)

(3 lecture, 3 laboratory) Prerequisite: BIO 111. Study structure, morphogenesis and Phylogenetic relationships of organisms grouped with algae and fungi. Comparative study to explore multiple kingdom concepts. Ecological, medical and economic aspects of mycology and phycology explored.

BIO 540 Anatomy and Morphogenesis of Plants (4)

(3 lecture, 3 laboratory) Prerequisites: BIO 111 and BIO 330. Study of the evolution of vascular plants as revealed by anatomy and morphology.

BIO 544 Comparative Vertebrate Adaptations (4)

(3 lecture, 3 laboratory) Prerequisites: BIO 345 or consent of instructor. Study of the diverse adaptations of vertebrates, from morphological to molecular levels of organization; includes significant overview of relevant primary literature.

BIO 547 Immunology and Disease (4)

(4 lecture) Prerequisites: BIO 210 required. BIO 350 and BIO 351 recommended. Study the disease process and immunological resistance to disease with major emphasis on initiation and regulation of adaptive immunity.

BIO 548 Virology (3)

(3 lecture) Prerequisites: BIO 351. Recommend BIO 381. Study of the principles of virology, including biochemistry, structure, taxonomy, transmission, isolation and identification strategies.

BIO 549 Virology Laboratory (1)

(3 laboratory) Co-requisite: BIO 548. Study and development of laboratory skills in animal virology, including virus propagation, quantification, and detection assays.

BIO 550 Cell Physiology (4)

(3 lecture, 3 laboratory) Prerequisites: BIO 220 and CHEM 331, recommend CHEM 481. The study of the structural and functional relationships among biological macromolecules, cell organelles, and cell processes.

BIO 552 Mammalian Physiology I (3)

(3 lecture) Prerequisites: BIO 341 or BIO 345 and CHEM 481. In-depth examination of the physiological function of various organ systems of mammals.

BIO 553 Mammalian Physiology II (3)

(3 lecture) Prerequisites: BIO 341 or BIO 345 and CHEM 481. Continuation of BIO 552. In-depth examination of the physiological function of various organ systems of mammals.

BIO 554 General Plant Physiology (4)

(3 lecture, 3 laboratory) Prerequisites: BIO 111 and CHEM 331. Study physiological factors influencing the chemical and structural composition of plant absorption and utilization of water and minerals; photosynthesis, translocation, respiration, nitrogen metabolism and growth and development.

BIO 555 Reproductive and Developmental Biology (3)

Prerequisites: BIO 110 and CHEM 331, recommend CHEM 481. Examination of the anatomy, physiology and mechanisms of reproduction and development with an emphasis on mammals.

BIO 556 Current Topics in Biomedical Research (2)

Prerequisites: BIO 110 and CHEM 331; recommend BIO 450. Examine current biomedical research, molecular, cellular, and physiological studies of human and model systems. Mechanisms regulating normal function, effects of toxicants and drugs, and the role of genetic mutations.

BIO 557 Mammalian Physiology I Laboratory (1)

(3 laboratory) Co-requisite: BIO 552. Laboratory experimentation, small group discussion and active learning exercises to complement BIO 552.

BIO 558 Mammalian Physiology II Laboratory (1)

(3 laboratory) Co-requisite: BIO 553. Laboratory experimentation, small group discussion and active learning exercises to compliment BIO 553.

BIO 559 Plant Reproductive Growth and Development (3)

Prerequisite: BIO 354. Advanced study of the genetic, physiological and environmental factors that influence reproductive development in flowering plants.

BIO 560 Behavioral Ecology (4)

(3 lecture, 3 laboratory) Prerequisite: BIO 362 or equivalent. Comprehensive review of population dynamics, behavioral ecology and zoogeography. Review of current literature an integral part of course.

BIO 561 Plant Ecology (4)

(3 lecture, 3 laboratory) Prerequisite: BIO 360. Study of plant communities by examining the effects of environmental factors on plants, as well as community measurement and evaluation, modeling techniques, energy flow through ecosystems and community dynamics.

BIO 563 Animal Communication (4)

(3 lecture, 3 laboratory) Prerequisites: BIO 362, an Animal Behavior course from another university, or consent of the instructor. Students should have a background in animal behavior, experimental design and statistics. The course covers animal communication theory, modalities, signal function, physiological and anatomical constraints, and evolutionary aspects regarding animal communication.

BIO 566 Animal Physiological Ecology (3)

(3 lecture) Prerequisites: BIO 110 and BIO 360. Study of animal function and how environmental conditions influence the physiology of animals. Emphasis will be on vertebrate systems but invertebrates will be included.

BIO 567 Animal Physiological Ecology Laboratory (1)

(3 laboratory) Prerequisites: BIO 110 and BIO 360, BIO 566 concurrently. Laboratory to accompany BIO 566 - animal physiological ecology. Includes instruction on the theory behind and use of physiological equipment/instruments and an examination of how environmental conditions affect animal function.

BIO 569 Conceptual Issues in Evolution (2)

Prerequisite: BIO 465 or consent of instructor. Study of the guiding principles in modern evolutionary biology. Focus on concepts of fitness, selection, adaptation, form and function, concerted evolution and the nature of biological variation.

BIO 570 Coevolution in Ecological Systems (3)

(3 lecture) Prerequisites: BIO 360, BIO 465 or consent of instructor. Survey of contemporary primary literature on coevolution and ecology, including symbiosis, mutualism, competition, pollination, mimicry, parasitism, seed dispersal, etc.

BIO 572 Species and Speciation (2)

(2 lecture) Prerequisite: BIO 465 Examination of the theoretical and pragmatic perspectives of species recognition and critical review of speciation. Includes considerations of species recognition in context of conservation biology.

BIO 576 Pharmacology (3)

Prerequisite: BIO 246, BIO 350, BIO 552 BIO 553, or ASLS 573. A mechanistic study of pharmacokinetics (absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion of drugs) and pharmacodynamics (drug actions and interactions). Examples of important bioactive chemicals will be discussed.

BIO 580 Mammalian Endocrinology (3)

(3 lecture) Prerequisites: BIO 210 and BIO 350. Survey of endocrinology including neuroendocrine physiology, mechanisms of action, regulation of homeostasis, endocrine dysfunction, quantifying hormones.

BIO 581 Neurobiology (3)

(3 lecture) Prerequisite: BIO 350 or consent of instructor. Examination of the development, anatomy, and physiology of the nervous system, with an emphasis on humans. Topics will include mechanisms mediating behavior and major brain diseases.

BIO 585 Topics in Field Biology (1-10)

After preparatory work, study biology in the field on a state, national or international basis.

BIO 591 Biology Roundtable (1)

An intensive facilitated discussion on current and cutting-edge topics in the Biological Sciences taken from peer-reviewed literature and input from visiting scholars. S/U graded. Repeatable, no limitations.

BIO 592 Internship in Biological Sciences (1-3)

Consent of instructor required. On-the-job experience in professional areas under the supervision of an area specialist. S/U graded.

BIO 594 Foundations of Biological Research (2)

Required for all incoming master's students in biological sciences. Introduction to the scientific method and experimental design, written and oral presentation skills, grantsmanship, ethics and responsible scientific conduct.

BIO 595 Special Topics in Biology (1-6)

Study of any biological topic at an advanced level. Repeatable, maximum of six credits.

BIO 622 Directed Studies (1-4)

Individualized investigation under the direct supervision of a faculty member. (Minimum of 37.5 clock hours required per credit hour.) Repeatable under different subtitles, maximum concurrent enrollment is two times.

BIO 691 Seminar in Biological Sciences (1)

(1 lecture) Invited speakers will present research topics in content biology and biology education. Graduate students will also present their research proposals and final defenses of their theses or dissertations. Repeatable, no limitations.

BIO 697 Graduate Research (1-6)

Consent of instructor. Qualified graduate students spend a minimum of 38 clock hours per semester hour on a research problem. Before credit is given, a well-written report must be submitted to the instructor.

BIO 699 Thesis (1-6)

S/U graded. Repeatable, no limitations.

BIO 792 Doctoral Supervised Teaching (1-6)

Experience supervised college level biological sciences teaching. Develop course outlines and effective teaching techniques. Students must have completed oral and written comprehensive exams prior to being eligible for this course.

BIO 797 Doctoral Proposal Research (1-4)

Four credits required of all doctoral students before admission to candidacy. S/U graded.

BIO 799 Doctoral Dissertation (1-12)

Twelve credits required of all doctoral candidates. S/U graded.


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